Wood burning stoves may not be all that common in America (at least in the South where I’m from), but they are in just about every single home in New Zealand. Most homes there are hopelessly uninsulated, but at least most of their heat sources are energy efficient and completely natural.
Drew and I struggled at first to get a roaring fire started in some stoves, but after spending one evening wrapped up in four blankets trying to cook dinner, we did some research. Some advice from different websites definitely helped, but it seemed to take ages of feeding the fire more kindling and blowing on it before it would settle in and burn well.
Even with all the trouble we went through, we’ve known for a while that we would definitely have a wood-burning stove in our future home. The heat is so nice and even a small stove does an excellent job heating up large areas. Plus, on many models you can cook on top of the stove itself, saving even more money on the utility bill.
We recently learned what we’ve concluded is the absolute best way to build a fire in a wood-burning stove. May I present to you the Upside Down Fire:
The Upside Down Fire Method
1. Clear your firebox of all leftover ash and place your biggest logs, as close together as possible, on the bottom.
2. Add a layer of smaller logs, then kindling and loosely bunched newspaper–all the way up to the top of the firebox, leaving only a couple inches of space. You can include fire starters if you’d like (Root Simple has a great idea for making your own), but the condition of your wood is more important for getting the fire to light.
(Can we all take a moment to admire how incredibly talented my husband is? Yeah-he illustrated those pictures himself. Back off ladies. He’s mine ;))
The Science Behind an Upside Down Fire
It’s unconventional, but if you’ve followed my blog for long, you know that I relish a chance to defy social convention. After all, most of society is overweight & sick. So I choose not to eat like most of society. Just because something is common doesn’t mean it’s effective, efficient, or even correct!
Here’s why an upside down fire is cleaner and more efficient (in the words of the folks at the Dancing Rabbit, since I understand the concepts, but really, what’s the point of trying to reword something that’s already been communicated so clearly?)
“Complete combustion (no smoke) requires a pretty high temperature, much higher than the ignition temperature of wood. When you first light a fire, a lot of the energy released in combustion gets used up heating the rest of the wood in the fire-lay – energy that could otherwise be raising the temperature of the gases released in combustion and fully burning them off. In a bottom-up fire, the hot gases from the wood at the bottom of the lay move up through the stack and lose energy to the other pieces of wood. This cools off gases that would otherwise burn. That’s smoke – unburned gases. In the top-lit fire, those gases go straight up (just like in the bottom-lit fire) but now they don’t get cooled off by the other wood and are able to finish burning.
“The second main advantage, controlled pre-heating of wood, is pretty simple too. It’s related to the first one, in a way that’s probably obvious: since the gases aren’t giving up energy to heat the rest of the wood, the radiant energy heats the wood. So everything heats up more slowly, with fewer pockets of high temperature that could get combustion going in places we don’t want it starting yet, like at the bottom of the lay. Moisture is driven off in a more orderly way, the gases come off more slowly and encounter higher temperatures along the way, and the oxygen-to-fuel ratio stays much better than in a bottom-up scenario.
“The third advantage of the top-lit fire has to do with the ways wood burns at different temperatures. It’s a more complex overall concept, but here’s the essential point: having the coals form at the top of the fire ensures that they stay hot enough to release and burn all of their gases.”
Pros & Cons of an Upside Down Fire
The pros of building a fire upside down weigh out the cons hands down.
- Faster combustion (less time sitting in front of it feeding it newspaper=a good thing)
- Uses less kindling & firewood
- Burns longer than ‘conventionally’ lit fires
- Requires less frequent ‘refueling’
- Less ash left in the stove
Con (if you can even call it that):
- Fire heats up more slowly (but once it gets hot, it stays hot longer)
This really does defy most fire-making logic, but that’s what I find so great about it! Upside down, inside out, backwards, and defying social convention. It’s pretty much how I live the rest of my life, so building a fire shouldn’t be any different ;)
Do you have a wood-burning stove? What fire-building techniques have worked best for you?